Study of effect of industrial pollutants on morphological and biochemical parameters of some common fruit yielding plants around Vedanta Aluminium Limited, Jharsuguda
Author (s): Sandhyarani Choudhury, Binod Parida and Lichita Patro*
Abstract: Industrial pollutants contribute a major source of air pollution throughout the world. It not only has a negative impact on animals but also on plants. Several morphological and vital physiological processes are affected negatively by these pollutants. Present investigation explains the studies on comparative account on the impact of industrial pollutants from Vedanta Aluminium Limited, Jharsuguda. The leaf samples of Carica papaya, Psidium guajava, Mangifera indica and Atrocarpus heterophyllus were collected from areas with potentially higher and lower levels of industrial pollution. Average leaf area, dust load on leaf, pH, photosynthetic pigments such as chlorophyll-a, chlorophyll-b, carotenoid and pheophytin were quantified. There is a significant reduction in leaf area, pH, chlorophyll and carotenoid content of plants with increase in dust content at polluted site as compared to non-polluted site. But there is dramatic rise in pheophytin content showed the resistant of plants towards industrial pollutants. As it was observed that the plants under experimentation show sensitive to industrial pollutants, thus may cause decrease the economic and nutritional value of the fruit yielding plants.
Keywords: Pollutants, leaves, dust load, chlorophyll, carotenoid, pheophytin